Pattern of physical activity and associated sociodemographic factors among the adult population of Tumkur city
Introduction: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) account for nearly half of the overall global burden of disease. Physical inactivity has been reported to be a major independent “modifiable” risk factor for NCDs. Increase in physical activity decreases the incidence of cardiovascular diseases, Type 2 diabetes, stroke, and improves psychological wellbeing.
Aim: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of physical inactivity among the adults in Tumkur.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 374 adult participants from an urban area of Tumkur. The level of physical inactivity was measured by using WHO standard Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ).
Results: Overall prevalence of physical inactivity in our study was 52%. Among the study participants, contribution of physical activity in work domain was more with a median of 3720 minutes. The leisure time activities and transport domain contribute a median of 2520 and 1260 minutes, respectively. Both men and women were equally inactive, women – 56.2% and men - 48.8%. Females were 1.9 times more inactive than males. Literates were more inactive as compared to illiterates. Tobacco users were 2.2 times more inactive than non-tobacco users.
Conclusion: Physical activity was observed to be inadequate among women, literates and current tobacco users. To counteract the morbidities brought on by physical inactivity, physical activity promotion is required.