International Journal of Advance Research in Nursing
2022, Vol. 5, Issue 2, Part C
To assess the knowledge, attitude regarding cancer cervix and barrier for Pap smear test among women in community area at Cuddalore
Gayathri P, Thenesha K and Dr. Hema VH
Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cause of death for women worldwide, according to a WHO report, with an estimated 570,000 women receiving a diagnosis in 2018. Cervical cancer is a condition that can be prevented, but it requires early detection and primary action to stop the development of carcinogens and stop the proliferation of cancer cells.
Objectives: 1. To assess the level of knowledge and attitude regarding cancer cervix among women. 2. To assess the barrier of pap smear test among women.3. To assess the co relation between knowledge and attitude.4. To associate level of knowledge, attitudes on cervical cancer with demographic variables.
Methods: Quantitative research design was used. A total of 100 womens in selected community area at Cuddalore by selected non-convenience sampling technique. The investigator collected data using interview technique. The knowledge of cancer cervix was assessed using questionnaire -24 items. Attitude of cancer cervix was measured by 5 points Likert scale. Barrier for Pap smear test was assessed using check list (15 items). The data was analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics.
Result: Among all the samples, it was find out 76(76%) had inadequate knowledge, 23(23%) had moderately adequate knowledge and 1(1%) had adequate knowledge regarding on cancer cervix. and 71(71%) had unfavourable attitude, 26(26%) had moderately favourable, 3(3%) had favourable attitude regarding cancer cervix. The level of barrier is resulted as 82% had low level, 17% had moderate level and 1% had high level of barrier on Pap smear among women. The mean score of knowledge was 10.47±3.24 and the mean score of attitude was 33.26±11.09. The correlation between the level of knowledge and attitude regarding cancer cervix is calculated by Karl Pearson’s Correlation value of r=0.490 showed a positive correlation which was found to be statistically significant at p<0.001 level. This clearly infers that when the knowledge regarding cancer cervix among women increases their attitude level also increases. ***p<0.001, S-Significant.
Gayathri P, Thenesha K, Dr. Hema VH. To assess the knowledge, attitude regarding cancer cervix and barrier for Pap smear test among women in community area at Cuddalore. Int J Adv Res Nurs 2022;5(2):207-214. DOI: 10.33545/nursing.2022.v5.i2.C.287