International Journal of Advance Research in Nursing
2022, Vol. 5, Issue 2, Part C
Assess the stress and coping strategies among spouses of myocardial infarction survivors in a selected hospitals with a view to prepare an instructional module
Bavanisha A and Dr. Hema VH
Acute Myocardial Infarction is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, affecting over 3 million people each year and resulting in over 1 million deaths in the United States. Myocardial Infarction (MI) affects the entire family.
Aim: The study aims to assess the stress and coping strategies among the spouses of Myocardial Infarction survivors. Objectives: 1. Assess the stress among spouses of MI survivors. 2. Assess the coping strategies among spouses of MI survivors. 3. Assess the correlation between the stress and coping strategies among spouses of MI survivors. 4. Associate the level of stress among spouses of Myocardial Infarction survivors with their selected demographic variables. 5. Associate the level of coping among spouses of MI survivors with selected demographic variables.
Methods: Descriptive non experimental research design was used. The conceptual framework was based on Roy’s Adaptation Model. A total of 100 patients with spouses of Myocardial Infarction survivors were selected by purposive sampling technique. The investigator collected data using interview technique. The stress was measured using Perceived Stress Scale and coping strategies was measured using Brief Cope scale checklist. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency distribution, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (chi-square test).
Results: The findings revealed that 50(50%) had moderate stress, 47(47%) had severe stress and 3(3%) had mild stress among spouses of myocardial infarction survivors. The overall coping strategies revealed that, 96(96%) had average coping, 3(3%) had good coping and only 1(%) had poor coping among myocardial infarction survivors. The mean score of stress was 31.98±3.45 and the mean score of coping was 73.99±3.98. The calculated Karl Pearson’s Correlation value r = -0.395 showed a negative correlation which was found to be statistically significant at p p<0.001 level.
Conclusion: It was found that 50% had moderate stress and 96% used emotion focused, coping strategies.
Bavanisha A, Dr. Hema VH. Assess the stress and coping strategies among spouses of myocardial infarction survivors in a selected hospitals with a view to prepare an instructional module. Int J Adv Res Nurs 2022;5(2):181-189. DOI: 10.33545/nursing.2022.v5.i2.C.284