Effect of low grade exercise program on functional status and incidence of fall among elders in selected rural area
Umesh Kundaragi and Meenaxi R Devangmath
Background: Falls and fall related injuries among older people are considered as major issues for health care providers. Falls is not only a problem for the patient but to the nursing staff. In hospital set up, the percentage of patients falling during the stay ranges from 2-15%. So aim of the present study was conducted to assess the effect of low grade exercise program on functional status and incidence of fall among the elders in selected rural areas.
Methodology: A quantitative approach with pre experimental one group pre-test post-test design was adopted for the study. The samples from the selected rural areas of Belagavi district were selected using convenient sampling technique. The sample consisted of 30 elderly people. The tools used for data collection was structured functional status assessment scale.
Results: The mean difference of functional status between the pre-test and post-test it is 0.76. and paired ‘t’ test value was ‘ t’ (28) = 4.67 is proved to be significant at 0.05 level of significance and the mean difference of incidence of falls between the pre-test and post-test it was 0.33 and paired ‘t’ test value was ‘ t’ (28) = 10.72 is proved to be significant at 0.05 level of significance indicating that the low grade exercise program has made it impact by improving functional status and reducing incidence of falls among elderly. There was significant correlation found between pre-test functional status and incidence of falls (‘’ (28) =-0.53) among the participants.
Conclusion: There is a need for the low grade exercise program for the elderly people for the improvement of their functional status and reduction of incidence of falls.