International Journal of Advance Research in Nursing
2021, Vol. 4, Issue 2, Part A
Effectiveness of planned intervention on weaning process in terms of knowledge & practice among mothers of infant
Dr. Sunita Kumari
Weaning is defined as the systemic process of introduction of suitable food at the right time in addition to mother’s milk in order to provide needed nutrients to the baby physical & physiological growth is slower in toddlers than n infants. One of the most important components of maintaining a child’s health is the promotion of good nutrition & dietary habits. The nurse’s role involves encouraging and assisting parents in providing adequate nutrition for their child .A quasi Experimental Design One Group pretest posttest study to develop planned intervention on weaning process in terms of knowledge & practice among mothers of infant in selected area of Ranchi district. The main objective of this study was to develop and validate planned intervention on weaning process for mothers of infant, to assess & compare the mean pre-test and mean post-test knowledge score on weaning process among mothers of infant. the literature review and 300 mothers of infant were selected and interviewed by a purposive sampling technique. The interviews continued up to data saturation as well.
Background of the Study: Infant and young child nutrition has been engaging the attention of scientists and planners since long for the very simple reason that growth rate in the life of human beings is maximum during the first year of life and infant feeding practices comprising of both the breastfeeding as well as complementary feeding have major role in determining the nutritional status of the child. The link between malnutrition and infant feeding has been well established. Recent scientific evidence reveals that malnutrition has been responsible, directly or indirectly, for 60% of all deaths among children under five years annually. Over 2/3 of these deaths are often associated with inappropriate feeding practices and occur during the first year of life. Only 35% of infants world-wide are exclusively breastfed during the first four months of life and complementary feeding begins either too early or too late with foods which are often nutritionally inadequate and unsafe. Poor feeding practices in infancy and early childhood, resulting in malnutrition, contribute to impaired cognitive and social development, poor school performance and reduced productivity in later life. Poor feeding practices are, therefore, a major threat to social and economic development as they are among the most serious obstacles to attaining and maintaining health of this important age group.
Research Design: Quasi Experimental Design
Samples and Sample Size: 300 Primi mothers of Infant.
Result: Analysis and interpretation of frequency and percentage of level of knowledge & Practice the data regarding pretest knowledge score, (41%) samples were having moderate knowledge score whereas (38.7%) subject had adequate knowledge score, (20.3%) mothers demonstrated inadequate knowledge were as the data of concerning post-test knowledge score, (88%) samples were having inadequate knowledge score whereas (11.7%) subject had moderate knowledge score.
Conclusion: The participants had increased their perception level relating to substitution method once the implementation of academic intervention. The study suggested that a multidisciplinary teaching approach which incorporates teaching, hand on talent, issuance info brochure and reinforcement may need result on perception and apply of healthy food pattern could facilitate to extend awareness.