Pattern of symptoms associated with insomnia among health personnel in a tertiary health facility Nigeria
Stella Chinazor Uba and Prof. Nanram Bitrus Longbap
Background: Insomnia is a common complaint, occurring when someone has difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, when the need arises. Insomnia has pronounced effect on physical and mental as well as the work productivity and health of an individual. The aim of the study was to determine the pattern of symptoms associated with insomnia among health personnel at the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH), Plateau State, Nigeria.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 60 health personnel in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Stratified random sampling method was used and the study population was divided into four strata based upon their parent department. Socioeconomic details, work profile and standard tool– Manifestation of Insomnia Check List (MAICL) were used.
Results: Of the 60 health workers, (53.3%) were females. Most had work experience of > 5 years (77.6%). More females (100%) than males (78%) experienced different sleeping time and waking time every night as a result of work schedule; p<0.05. Daytime tiredness and headaches following inadequate night sleep were more prevalent among females (92%) than males (62.5%), p<0.05. Proportionally also, daytime depression or anxiety was more common in females (20.0%) than in males (18.8%), p<0.05. Additionally, more females (92.0%) than males (43.8%) exhibit ongoing worries about sleep, p < 0.00. Among workers in the pharmacy department, insomnia was significantly associated with daytime sleepiness p<0.05, increased errors or accidents p<0.05, with attendant significant ongoing worries about sleep p<0.05.
Conclusion: Periodic screening and medical check-ups, as well as health education on practising good sleep hygiene will help address work related insomnia disorders among health workers