A descriptive study to assess the knowledge on prevention of home accidents among mothers of under five children in selected community areas of Gurugram (Haryana)
Mr. Anoop Masih Sandhu, Hemant Singh Rana
Accident,an unfortunate incident that happens unexpectedly and unintentionally, typically resulting in damage or injury.Accidents are the leading cause of death and disability for children over the age of one in many industrialized countries. More than 2 million children under the age of 15 experience accidents in and around the home every year, for which they are taken to accident and emergency units. Those most at risk from home accident are the 0-5years age group. Prevention and control of home accidents among children has been recently a target and very important area for health promotion. First aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury, usually by a non-expert but trained person, until medical treatment can be accessed. Parent’s knowledge and practice about first aid is especially important in injury care for children, as many adverse consequences of injuries can be averted if parents know what actions to take. Ignorance and negligence of the mother are the fundamental causes of accidents. So it is important to improve the mother knowledge, attitude and practice to prevent accidents at home. Education is an important nursing role and was the primary intervention strategy chosen to address and prevent childhood home injuries. The nurse will try to ensure that people know how to prevent accidents and injuries in their communities, at homes, schools and work places. According to WHO (2001), an estimated 685,000 children under age of five were died by unintentional accidents mostly from road accidents, drowning, burns, falls and poisoning. Children under five have the highest fall, drowning mortality rate in the world. WHO reports says that in the age group of 1-4 years, the second year is the period when the young child runs the highest risk of dying. Child Welfare Gateway, 2013 states that neglect by the parents/caregiver is the cause of highest incidence (71.4%) of under five children accidents. Other causes of under five children accidents include the mothers who are going to Job and increase eagerness in watching tele serials among the mothers especially the home makers. Objectives: 2. To find out the association between knowledge of mothers of under five children regarding prevention of home accidents with demographic variables. Material and Methods A descriptive research design was used to assess the knowledge on prevention of home accidents among mothers of under five children in selected community areas of Gurugram. Non-probability purposive sampling technique was used to select 100 mothers of under five children of community area of Gurugram. Informed written consent was taken from each student. Result: The mean knowledge score for sample were 13.363 and median were 14 and standard deviation were 2.7708Conclusion: The study revealed that mothers of under five children has some knowledge regarding prevention of home accidents.
Mr. Anoop Masih Sandhu, Hemant Singh Rana. A descriptive study to assess the knowledge on prevention of home accidents among mothers of under five children in selected community areas of Gurugram (Haryana). Int J Adv Res Nurs 2020;3(2):87-90.