Ulcerative colitis: Effect of a nursing educational booklet on the severity of the disease and patients quality of life
Wafaa Ramadan Ahmed, Amna Abdullah Desouky and Zain Al-Abdeen Ahmed Sayed
Background: Quality of life (QoL) is the most critical issue for chronic illnesses patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a nursing educational booklet on the severity of disease and quality of life for patients with ulcerative colitis in El Rajhi liver Hospital at Assiut University.
Methods:Research design;a quiz experimental research design was utilized to carry out this study. Setting:The study was conducted in Tropical Medicine and Gastroenterology department and outpatient clinic at El Rajhi liver Hospital at Assiut University. Patients: Random sample of adult patients (60), male and female, their age ranging from 18 – 65 years old. The sample was categorized into two equal groups, 30 patients for study group who have received a nursing educational booklet in addition to the routine care and 30 patients for a control group who were received a routine hospital care.
Tools: Tool I:AnInterview Questionnaire Sheet which included three parts (patient assessment, Short Quality of Life Questionnaire scale for Inflammatory Bowel Disease, and partial Mayo scoring index assessment scale for ulcerative colitis activity) and tool II: A nursing educational booklet.
Results: There was a great increase in the mean score of the Quality of Life Questionnaire in the study group (47.6±2.43) than those patients in the control group (27.87±5.78) with a statistically significant difference (<0.001**). One quarter of patients in the study group were complaining from severe disease stage compared to half of the patients in the control group, and there was a negative correlation between Quality of Life Questionnaire scores and the severity of disease between study and control groups of patients which means as the severity of the disease decreased the quality of patients’ life score increased.
Conclusion: This study proved that;Patient education is a valuable means for decreasing ulcerative colitis severity which affect positively on the patients’ quality of life.
Recommendations: Education for chronic diseases should be a part hospital policy, Distribution of the educational booklet for all ulcerative colitis patients, and ffurther studies on larger sample from different geographical areas in Egypt to generalize the results.
Wafaa Ramadan Ahmed, Amna Abdullah Desouky, Zain Al-Abdeen Ahmed Sayed. Ulcerative colitis: Effect of a nursing educational booklet on the severity of the disease and patients quality of life. Int J Adv Res Nurs 2019;2(2):01-08. DOI: 10.33545/nursing.2019.v2.i2.A.51