Nurses `knowledge and practice regarding patients` safety goals in intensive care units
Ghada Gamal Ahmed, Furat Hussein Mahmoud and Shimaa Attia Ali
Background: Patient safety is a key component of hospital performance and improving ICU staff nurses’ performance remains an ideal that every organization strives to achieve this goal. Health care has become more efficient and also become more complex, with greater application of new technologies and therapies, which needs adopting with the international patient safety goals to improve the patient safety environment to simulate international competition and to increase the competitive advantages of the healthcare organizations at the national and international grades.
Aim: This study was aimed to assess Nurses′ knowledge and practice regarding the patients′ safety goals in intensive care units.
Design: A descriptive exploratory design was utilized to achieve the aim of this study.
Setting: The study was conducted in the ICUs at El Menofia university hospital.
Sample: A convenient sample consisted of 75 nurses from both sex working in the previous settings.
Tools: two tools were used for data collection.
1st Tool: Self-administered interview questionnaire, consisted of two parts.
Part I: Demographic Characteristics of nurses, such as: (age, sex, educational level… etc.).
Part II: Nurses` knowledge questionnaire of (patient identification, effective communication, medication safety… etc.).
2nd Tool: An observational check list to evaluate nurses` practice.
Results: There was highly significant positive correlation between nurses’ knowledge and their total practice towards patient safety goals in the intensive care units at (P= < 0.05), there was highly statistically significant correlation between total nurses’ practice towards patient safety goals in the intensive care units and their characteristics as qualification and attendance of training course at (P= < 0.01), also, there was statistically significant correlation with their age and years of experience at (P= < 0.05).
Conclusion: The current study shows that more than half of the nurses under study had poor level of total knowledge and about two thirds of nurses had incompetent level of practical skills regarding patient safety goals in the intensive care units.
Recommendations: Initial education and continuous learning programs should be planned to improve healthcare providers and integrate patient safety topics into the educational curricula.