Attitude towards suicide and assessment of risk factors of suicide among adolescent at selected schools, Sikkim
Pranita Rai, Reshma Tamang and Champa Sharma
Introduction: Suicide among the adolescent has witness a rapid increase over the past few decades. The major health problems in an adolescent are self-harm and suicide. The present study examined the attitude towards suicide and risk factor of suicide among adolescent demographic variables.
Methods: Descriptive survey design was employed among 201 (M = 125, F = 76) students in age group of 15-18 years of class X and XII of selected Senior Secondary Schools of East Sikkim. The sample was selected through lottery method. The tools used were demographic proforma, attitude towards suicide questionnaire (standards questionnaire) which was divided into six domain (1) Permissiveness -people have the right to take their own life and acceptance of suicide in the situation of incurable disease; (2) Preventability -suicide can and must be prevented; (3) Incomprehensibility-suicide cannot be justified or understood; (4) Avoidance of talking -talking about suicide trigger suicidal thoughts which stay with a person forever; (5) Unpredictability-suicide happens without any warning and people who talk about suicide do not usually commit it; (6) loneliness & appeal-loneliness is the reason for suicide and an attempt of suicide is mostly a cry for help and structured questionnaire on assessment of risk factors of suicide.
Result: The findings of the study revealed that majority 63 (50.4%) of male while 37 (48.7%) female participate had a permissive attitude towards suicide. Majority 79 (63.2%) of male and 64 (84.25%) female participants had preventable attitude towards suicide. Most of the male participate 94 (75.2%) and 57 (75%) female participates had an incomprehensible attitude and majority of male 61 (48.8%) and 36 (47.4%) female participant had given an undecided response on whether they should talk about suicide or not. The study also revealed that 85 (68%) male and 49 (64.5%) female participants feels that suicide is unpredictable and 63 (40.4%) male and 37 (48.7%) female participants agreed that loneliness is the reason for suicide and an attempt of suicide is mostly a cry for help. The risk factors included individual, familial, social, peer relationship and academic factors. It was found that there was significant associate between individual factors, social factors, peer relationship and type of family.
Discussion and Conclusion: The result was therefore clear that we should work towards changing the attitude towards suicide. Considering the result further research should address to build positive attitude for prevention of suicidal behaviour. The intervention of preventive program has become an emergency to overcome the issue of suicide among adolescent in Sikkim.
Pranita Rai, Reshma Tamang, Champa Sharma. Attitude towards suicide and assessment of risk factors of suicide among adolescent at selected schools, Sikkim. Int J Adv Res Nurs 2021;4(1):178-187. DOI: 10.33545/nursing.2021.v4.i1.C.150